NDC-Tracking Workstream

Alternative to Clean Power Plan

March 7, 2016

The Supreme Court’s provisional stay of the Clean Power Plan has raised questions about the design and legal foundation of the United States national climate commitment. In an interview with NPR’s Living on Earth podcast, Michael Burger—Executive Director of Columbia University’s Sabin Center for Climate Change Law—described Section 115 of the Clean Air Act as designed “to allow the executive branch to cooperate with foreign countries to solve international air pollution problems.”  He believes that “Section 115 authorizes EPA to, in effect, invoke a nationwide, economy-wide, cross-sectorial, market-based mechanism to deal with climate change” such as a cap-and-trade system or even state-level carbon taxes. [Read the full article here]


Enhancing NDCs at the ‘Action COP’

February 27, 2016

The COP22, to be held in November, in Marrakech, has been labeled “the Action COP” by a number of leading diplomats and negotiators. Speculation about the full Entry-into-Force start-date for the Paris Agreement puts the possible date as early as May 2017. Throughout 2016, governments will be exploring ways to implement, enhance, or accelerate their Nationally Determined Contributions, possibly to capture subsidies, new investment, or early actor market-share. We will be tracking these changes and enhancements, and publishing information about the easiest and most cost-effective ways to do so.


Canada calls on provinces to form working groups to accelerate climate action

February 26, 2016

The federal government of Canada, under the leadership of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, is calling on provincial governments to join four working groups to enhance and accelerate climate action. The four working groups will be:

  • Clean technology and innovation
  • Carbon pricing
  • Mitigation (reducing GHG emissions)
  • Adaptation

The federal government has said it will set a national carbon price policy—possibly a uniform minimum carbon price, allowing existing provincial carbon pricing policies to be the vehicle for meeting a national standard. With Ontario’s new plan underway, 75% of Canadians now live in a jurisdiction with some form of carbon pricing.


Mission Focus

The NDC-Tracking Workstream began as discussions in Pathway to Paris working sessions focused on the strengths and weaknesses of proposed Intended Nationally Determined Contributions to the global climate accord to be agreed during the COP21 in Paris. After Paris, the INDCs should transition to being active Nationally Determined Contributions to global climate action.

There are a number of resources already tracking progress toward the 1.5ºC maximum global average temperature rise the Paris Agreement signals we must avoid. Here are just a few:


Intended Nationally Determined Contributions,
as submitted by the Parties to the UNFCCC

As of March 16, 2016

  1. Afghanistan, 2015-10-13 —  INDC_AFG_Paper_En_20150927_.docx FINAL.pdf (352 kb)
  2. Albania, 2015-09-24 —  Albania_INDC_submission (1).pdf (109 kb)
  3. Algeria, 2015-10-01 —  Algeria – INDC (English unofficial translation) September 03,2015.pdf (290 kb) /  Algérie -INDC- 03 septembre 2015.pdf (298 kb)
  4. Andorra, 2015-04-30 —  Andorra INDC-CPDN.pdf (14065 kb)
  5. Angola, 2015-11-29 —  INDC Angola deposito.pdf (562 kb)
  6. Antigua and Barbuda, 2015-10-19 —  INDC_Antigua_Barbuda.pdf (242 kb)
  7. Argentina, 2015-10-01 —  INDC Argentina.pdf (670 kb) /  Argentina INDC Non-Official Translation.pdf (634 kb)
  8. Armenia, 2015-09-29 —  INDC-Armenia.pdf (475 kb)
  9. Australia, 2015-08-11 —  Australias Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to a new Climate Change Agreement – August 2015.pdf (297 kb)
  10. Azerbaijan, 2015-09-29 —  INDC Azerbaijan.pdf (171 kb)
  11. Bahamas, 2015-11-18 —  Bahamas INDC Submission.pdf (208 kb)
  12. Bahrain, 2015-11-24 —  INDC_Kingdom_of_Bahrain.pdf (582 kb)
  13. Bangladesh, 2015-09-25 —  INDC_2015_of_Bangladesh.pdf (822 kb)
  14. Barbados (revised), 2015-09-30 —  Barbados INDC FINAL September 28, 2015.pdf (479 kb)
  15. Belarus, 2015-09-25 —  Belarus.pdf (470 kb) /  Belarus_INDC_Rus_25.09.2015.pdf (2515 kb) /  Belarus_INDC_Eng_25.09.2015.pdf (2327 kb)
  16. Belize, 2015-10-01 —  Belize INDCS.pdf (381 kb)
  17. Benin (revised), 2015-09-30 —  INDC BENIN Version finale revue septembre 2015.pdf (814 kb)
  18. Bhutan, 2015-09-30 —  Bhutan-INDC-20150930.pdf (333 kb)
  19. Bolivia, 2015-10-12 —  ESTADO PLURINACIONAL DE BOLIVIA (739 kb) /  INDC-Bolivia-english (1266 kb)
  20. Bosnia-Herzegovina, 2015-10-08 —  INDC Bosnia and Herzegovina.pdf (136 kb)
  21. Botswana, 2015-10-01 —  BOTSWANA.pdf (179 kb)
  22. Brazil, 2015-09-28 —  BRAZIL iNDC english FINAL.pdf (588 kb)
  23. Brunei, 2015-12-01 —  Brunei Darussalam INDC_FINAL_30 November 2015.pdf (527 kb)
  24. Burundi, 2015-11-04 —  Burundi_INDC-english version.pdf (346 kb) /  CPDN BURUNDI.pdf (645 kb)
  25. Burkina Faso, 2015-10-23 —  INDC Burkina_ENG. version_finale.pdf (1415 kb) /  INDC BURKINA FASO 280915.pdf (1822 kb)
  26. Cabo Verde, 2015-09-30 —  Cabo_Verde_INDC_.pdf (885 kb)
  27. Cambodia, 2015-09-30 —  Cambodia’s INDC to the UNFCCC.pdf (453 kb)
  28. Cameroon, 2015-10-01 —  Lettre officielle CPDN Cameroun.pdf (268 kb) /  CPDN CMR Final.pdf (832 kb)
  29. Canada, 2015-05-15 —  INDC – Canada – English.pdf (68 kb) /  CPDN – Canada – Français.pdf (128 kb)
  30. Central African Republic, 2015-09-28 —  CPDN_République Centrafricaine.pdf (300 kb) /  CPDN_République Centrafricaine_EN.pdf (297 kb)
  31. Chad, 2015-10-01 —  INDC Chad_Official version_English.pdf (238 kb) /  CPDN TCHAD Version officielle 28 sept 2015.pdf (695 kb)
  32. Chile, 2016-01-05 —  Chile INDC FINAL.pdf (559 kb) /  INDC Chile english version.pdf (1990 kb)
  33. China, 2015-06-30 —  China’s INDC – on 30 June 2015.pdf (1450 kb)
  34. Colombia, 2015-09-07 —  INDC Colombia.pdf (1421 kb) /  Colombia iNDC Unofficial translation Eng.pdf (1465 kb)
  35. Comoros, 2015-09-17 —  INDC_Comores_Version_Francaise.pdf (1373 kb)
  36. Congo, 2015-09-29 —  INDC_Congo_RAPPORT.pdf (781 kb)
  37. Cook Islands, 2015-11-20 —  Cook Islands INDCsFINAL7Nov.pdf (471 kb)
  38. Costa Rica, 2015-09-30 —  INDC Costa Rica Version 2 0 final ES.pdf (371 kb) /  INDC Costa Rica Version 2 0 final ENG.pdf (442 kb)
  39. Côte d’Ivoire (revised), 2015-09-30 —  Document_INDC_CI_22092015.pdf (701 kb)
  40. Cuba, 2015-11-23 —  Republic of Cuba-INDCs-Nov2015.pdf (332 kb)
  41. Democratic Republic of Congo, 2015-08-18 —  CPDN – Rép Dém du Congo.pdf (483 kb)
  42. Djibouti, 2015-10-28 —  INDC-Djibouti_ENG.pdf (477 kb) /  CPDN Djibouti_9 – CPDN – Format pour soumission CCNUCC.pdf (494 kb)
  43. Dominica, 2015-09-29 —  Commonwealth of Dominica- Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC).pdf (337 kb)
  44. Dominican Republic, 2015-08-18 —  INDC-RD Agosto 2015 (español).pdf (365 kb) /  INDC-DR August 2015 (unofficial translation).pdf (362 kb)
  45. Ecuador, 2015-10-13 —  Ecuador INDC 01-10-2015 – english unofficial translation.pdf (618 kb) /  Ecuador INDC 01-10-2015.pdf (641 kb)
  46. Egypt, 2015-11-16 —  Egyptian INDC.pdf (1218 kb)
  47. El Salvador, 2015-11-17 —  EL SALVADOR-INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION.pdf (418 kb)
  48. Equatorial Guinea, 2015-09-21 —  República de Guinea Ecuatorial_INDC.doc (2632 kb)
  49. Eritrea, 2015-09-24 —  ERITREA’S INDC REPORT SEP2015.pdf (1270 kb)
  50. Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of, 2015-06-10 —  INDC-Ethiopia-100615.pdf (458 kb)
  51. European Union, Submitted by Latvia and the European Commission on behalf of member states, 2015-03-06 —  LV-03-06-EU INDC.pdf (107 kb)
  52. Fiji, 2015-11-05 —  FIJI_iNDC_Final_051115.pdf (211 kb)
  53. Gabon, 2015-04-01 (1st developing country INDC submitted) —  20150331 INDC Gabon.pdf (851 kb)
  54. Gambia (revised), 2015-09-30 —  The INDC OF THE GAMBIA.pdf (491 kb)
  55. Georgia, 2015-09-25 —  INDC_of_Georgia.pdf (601 kb)
  56. Ghana, 2015-09-23 —  GH_INDC_2392015.pdf (698 kb)
  57. Grenada (revised), 2015-09-30 —  Grenada INDC.pdf (575 kb)
  58. Guatemala, 2015-09-30 —  Gobierno de Guatemala INDC-UNFCCC Sept 2015.pdf (135 kb)
  59. Guinea, 2015-10-20 —  INDC_Guinea_english_version UNFCCC_20151016170448_232956.docx (384 kb) /  15 09 29 INDC_Guinee_version finale CCNUCCSK.docx (382 kb)
  60. Guinea Bissau, 2015-09-30 —  GUINEA-BISSAU_INDC_Version to the UNFCCC (eng).pdf (439 kb)
  61. Guyana, 2015-11-23 —  Guyana’s revised iNDC – Final.pdf (248 kb)
  62. Haiti, 2015-09-30 —  CPDN_Republique d’Haiti.pdf (228 kb)
  63. Honduras, 2015-10-01 —  Honduras INDC_esp.pdf (471 kb)
  64. Iceland, 2015-06-30 —  INDC-ICELAND.pdf (57 kb)
  65. India, 2015-10-01 —  INDIA INDC TO UNFCCC.pdf (931 kb)
  66. Indonesia, 2015-09-24 —  INDC_REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA.pdf (2810 kb)
  67. Iran, 2015-11-21 —  INDC Iran Final Text.pdf (263 kb)
  68. Iraq, 2015-11-12 —  INDC-Iraq.pdf (895 kb)
  69. Israel, 2015-09-30 —  Israel INDC.pdf (371 kb)
  70. Jamaica, 2015-11-27 —  Jamaica’s INDC_2015-11-25.pdf (216 kb)
  71. Japan, 2015-07-17 —  20150717_Japan’s INDC.pdf (326 kb)
  72. Jordan (revised), 2015-09-30 —  Jordan INDCs Final.pdf (1114 kb)
  73. Kazakhstan, 2015-09-28 —  INDC Kz_eng.pdf (32 kb)
  74. Kenya, 2015-07-24 —  Kenya_INDC_20150723.pdf (214 kb)
  75. Kiribati, 2015-09-26 —  INDC_KIRIBATI.pdf (1048 kb)
  76. Korea, Republic of, 2015-06-30 —  INDC Submission by the Republic of Korea on June 30.pdf (363 kb)
  77. Kyrgyzstan, 2015-09-29 —  Verbal_note.pdf (48 kb) /  Kyrgyzstan INDC _ENG_ final.pdf (456 kb) /  Kyrgyzstan INDC_RUS_final.pdf (546 kb)
  78. Kuwait, 2015-11-25 —  INDC_Kuwait_Nov2015.pdf (682 kb)
  79. Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2015-10-01 —  Lao PDR INDC (717 kb) /  Cover letter for submission of Lao PDR INDC (495 kb)
  80. Lebanon, 2015-09-30 —  Republic of Lebanon – INDC – September 2015.pdf (359 kb)
  81. Lesotho, 2015-09-30 —  Lesotho’s INDC Report – September 2015.pdf (1171 kb)
  82. Liberia, 2015-9-30 —  Liberia_INDC Submission.002.pdf (231 kb) /  INDC Final Submission Sept 30 2015.002.pdf (805 kb)
  83. Liechtenstein, 2015-04-23 —  150422_INDC_FL.pdf (529 kb)
  84. Macedonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of, 2015-08-05 —  Submission_Republic_of_Macedonia (713 kb) /  Macedonia_Cover letter (1344 kb)
  85. Madagascar, 2015-09-24 —  Madagascar INDC Eng.pdf (422 kb) /  Madagascar INDC(1).pdf (427 kb)
  86. Malawi, 2015-10-08 —  MALAWI INDC SUBMITTED TO UNFCCC REV pdf.pdf (216 kb)
  87. Malaysia, 2016-02-11 —  INDC Malaysia Final 27 November 2015 Revised Final UNFCCC.pdf (347 kb)
  88. Maldives, 2015-09-28 —  Maldives INDC .pdf (1042 kb)
  89. Mali, 2015-09-29 —  CPDN_MALI_VFsegal.pdf (4957 kb)
  90. Marshall Islands, 2015-07-21 —  150721 RMI INDC JULY 2015 FINAL SUBMITTED.pdf (411 kb)
  91. Mauritania (revised), 2015-09-30 —  INDC MAURITANIA.pdf (1019 kb)
  92. Mauritius, 2015-09-28 —  Final INDC for Mauritius 28 Sept 2015.pdf (197 kb)
  93. Mexico, 2015-03-30 —  MEXICO INDC 03.30.2015.pdf (425 kb)
  94. Micronesia, 2015-11-24 —  INDC Federated States of MICRONESIA.pdf (244 kb)
  95. Moldova, 2015-09-25 —  INDC_Republic_of_Moldova_25.09.2015.pdf (741 kb)
  96. Monaco, 2015-08-04 —  Contribution nationale Monaco.pdf (746 kb) /  Monaco_INDC.pdf (732 kb)
  97. Mongolia, 2015-09-24 —  150924_INDCs of Mongolia.pdf (593 kb)
  98. Montenegro, 2015-09-23 —  INDCSubmission_ Montenegro.docx (37 kb)
  99. Morocco, 2015-06-05 —  Morocco INDC submitted to UNFCCC – 5 june 2015.pdf (172 kb) /  Maroc CPDN soumise à la CCNUCC – 5 juin 2015.pdf (570 kb)
  100. Mozambique, 2015-10-01 —  MOZ_INDC_Final_Version.pdf (624 kb)
  101. Myanmar, 2015-09-28 —  Myanmar’s INDC.pdf (417 kb)
  102. Namibia, 2015-09-29 —  INDC of Namibia Final pdf.pdf (941 kb)
  103. Nauru, 2015-11-17 —  Nauru INDC Submission_Final.pdf (218 kb)
  104. Nepal, 2016-02-11 —  Nepal_INDC_08Feb_2016.pdf (143 kb)
  105. New Zealand (addendum added), 2015-11-25 —  NZ INDC Addendum 25 11 2015.pdf (223 kb) /  New Zealand INDC 2015.pdf (322 kb)
  106. Niger, 2015-10-20 —  Niger-INDC-versionfinale .pdf (604 kb) /  Niger-INDC-final_Eng_20151020162516_65260.pdf (877 kb)
  107. Nigeria, 2015-11-28 —  Approved Nigeria’s INDC_271115.pdf (477 kb) /  Executive Summary_Nigerian INDC_271115.pdf (193 kb)
  108. Niue, 2015-11-25 —  Niue INDC Final.pdf (565 kb)
  109. Norway, 2015-03-27 —  Norway INDC 26MAR2015.pdf (552 kb)
  110. Oman, 2015-10-19 —  OMAN INDCs.pdf (3374 kb)
  111. Pakistan, 2015-11-12 —  Pakistan INDC.doc (41 kb)
  112. Palau, 2015-11-28 —  Palau_INDC.Final Copy.pdf (501 kb)
  113. Papua New Guinea, 2015-09-30 —  PNG_INDC to the UNFCCC.pdf (567 kb)
  114. Paraguay, 2015-10-01 —  Documento INDC Paraguay 01-10-15.pdf (421 kb)
  115. Peru, 2015-09-28 —  iNDC Perú castellano.pdf (158 kb) /  iNDC Perú english.pdf (158 kb)
  116. Philippines, 2015-10-01 —  Transmittal letter to UNFCCC_PHL INDC Submission.pdf (422 kb) /  Philippines – Final INDC submission.pdf (126 kb)
  117. Qatar, 2015-11-20 —  Qatar INDCs Report -English.pdf (257 kb) /  Qatar INDCs Report – Arabic.pdf (346 kb)
  118. Russia, 2015-04-01 —  Russian Submission INDC_rus.doc (69 kb) /  Russian Submission INDC_eng_rev1.doc (56 kb)
  119. Rwanda (revised), 2015-12-02 —  Rwanda INDC_UNFCCC letter_pdf.pdf (367 kb) /  INDC_Rwanda_Nov.2015.pdf (631 kb)
  120. Saint Kitts and Nevis, 2015-12-12 —  St. Kitts and Nevis INDC.pdf (748 kb)
  121. Saint Lucia, 2015-11-18 —  Saint Lucia’s INDC 18th November 2015.pdf (349 kb)
  122. Saint Vincent and Grenadines, 2015-11-18 —  SVG_INDC_Final.pdf (800 kb)
  123. Samoa, 2015-11-23 —  Samoa INDC_Submission to UNFCCC.pdf (267 kb)
  124. San Marino, 2015-09-30 —  SAN MARINO INDC EN.pdf (58 kb)
  125. Sao Tome and Principe, 2015-09-30 —  Short_STP_INDC _Ingles_30.09.pdf (251 kb)
  126. Saudi Arabia, 2015-11-10 —  KSA-INDCs English.pdf (260 kb) /  KSA-INDCs Arabic.pdf (412 kb)
  127. Senegal, 2015-09-26 —  CPDN – Sénégal.pdf (954 kb)
  128. Serbia, 2015-06-30 —  Republic_of_Serbia.pdf (175 kb) /  Cover_letter_Serbia.docx (1772 kb)
  129. Seychelles, 2015-09-25 —  INDC of Seychelles.pdf (405 kb)
  130. Sierra Leone, 2015-10-01 —  – SIERRA LEONE INDC.docx (74 kb) /  Sierra Leone INDC Submission to UNFCCC Secretariat 01102015.doc (1267 kb)
  131. Singapore, 2015-07-03 —  Singapore INDC.pdf (329 kb)
  132. Solomon Islands, 2015-09-30 —  SOLOMON ISLANDS INDC.pdf (598 kb)
  133. Somalia, 2015-11-17 —  Somalia’s INDCs.pdf (1068 kb)
  134. South Africa, 2015-09-25 —  South Africa.pdf (603 kb)
  135. South Sudan, 2015-11-23 —  South Sudan Intended Nationally Determined Contribution.pdf (182 kb)
  136. Sri Lanka, 2015-10-22 —  INDCs of Sri Lanka.xps (505 kb)
  137. Sudan, 2015-11-10 —  28Oct15-Sudan INDC.pdf (849 kb)
  138. Suriname, 2015-10-28 —  INDC-2-Suriname 300915.pdf (256 kb)
  139. Swaziland, 2015-09-29 —  Swaziland’s INDC.pdf (3638 kb) — The submission is made on behalf of the government of Swaziland by the Climate Change Focal Point, without prejudice to the pending Cabinet consideration of the INDCs for which the outcome of Cabinet consideration may be different to the one submitted. In the case that Cabinet adopt the INDCs that is different in content and context to that submitted, their will prevail.
  140. Switzerland, 2015-02-27 (1st INDC submitted) —  15 02 27_INDC Contribution of Switzerland.pdf (237 kb)
  141. Tajikistan, 2015-09-30 —  INDC-TJK final RUS 21 сент.pdf (102 kb) /  INDC-TJK final ENG.pdf (63 kb)
  142. Tanzania, United Republic of, 2015-09-29 —  INDCs_The United Republic of Tanzania.pdf (384 kb)
  143. Thailand, 2015-10-01 —  Thailand_INDC.pdf (168 kb)
  144. Togo, 2015-10-21 —  CPDN _TOGO.pdf (387 kb) /  INDC Togo_english version.pdf (384 kb)
  145. Tonga, 2015-12-04 —  Tonga INDC.pdf (892 kb)
  146. Trinidad and Tobago, 2015-10-21 —  Trinidad and Tobago Final INDC.pdf (654 kb)
  147. Tunisia, 2015-09-16 —  INDC Tunisie VF 5 aout Valid.pdf (885 kb) /  INDC-Tunisia-English Version.pdf (967 kb)
  148. Turkey, 2015-09-30 —  The_INDC_of_TURKEY_v.15.19.30.pdf (225 kb)
  149. Turkmenistan, 2015-09-30 —  INDC_Turkmenistan.pdf (215 kb)
  150. Tuvalu, 2015-11-27 —  TUVALU INDC.pdf (439 kb)
  151. Uganda, 2015-10-28 —  INDC Uganda final 14 October 2015, minor correction,28.10.15.pdf (720 kb)
  152. Ukraine, 2015-09-30 —  150930_Ukraine_INDC.pdf (205 kb)
  153. United Arab Emirates, 2015-10-22 —  UAE INDC – 22 October.pdf (118 kb)
  154. United States of America, 2015-03-31 —  U.S. Cover Note, INDC and Accompanying Information.pdf (273 kb)
  155. Uruguay, 2015-09-29 —  INDC Uruguay español.pdf (542 kb) /  INDC Uruguay (English-unofficial translation).pdf (688 kb)
  156. Vanuatu, 2015-09-29 —  VANUATU INDC UNFCCC Submission.pdf (347 kb)
  157. Venezuela, 2015-12-15 —  Venezuela Diciembre 2015 (final).pdf (705 kb)
  158. Viet Nam (revised), 2015-09-30 —  VIETNAM’S INDC.pdf (240 kb)
  159. Yemen, 2015-11-23 —  Yemen INDC 21 Nov. 2015.pdf (773 kb)
  160. Zambia, 2015-09-29 —  FINAL+ZAMBIA’S+INDC_1.pdf (611 kb)
  161. Zimbabwe, 2015-09-30 —  Zimbabwe Intended Nationally Determined Contribution 2015.pdf (755 kb)

The total number of INDCs submitted to date is the highest number on the left-hand side of the above list, plus 27, because the 28 European Union member states submitted their INDCs jointly. 

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About The CCEN Team

The Citizens’ Climate Engagement Network is a new global framework to support and expand direct citizen and stakeholder engagement in the intergovernmental climate negotiating process. It emerged from the Pathway to Paris project—with the support of Citizens’ Climate Education and Citizens’ Climate Lobby, in collaboration with the UN Millennium Campaign and the World We Want platform. The foundational structure was announced on October 25, 2015, during the Minneapolis 2015 Climate Action: Last Stop Before Paris, and the COP21 in Paris is the venue for its global launch. Everyone is welcome to participate in the shift to a thriving climate future.